The second year of architecture is over with our final jury. This semester we worked with references and we designed a Library. I will explain the final version of my design.
Since the beginning, I kept the main references the same and they are Culturehouse in Arnhem and Tianjin Binhai Library. Then I added Slit House and Centro Botin Buildings to my reference list.
Tianjin Binhai Library has a huge sphere on the center and it dominates the building, so it creates a volume around them. Also in upper levels, all rooms have visual relationship with this sphere. I used this quality as a metaphoric way. So in my proposal, instead of a sphere, a valley which is located in the middle of my site, dominates the building. Also, a stream crossing through the valley in the middle of the site. Therefore, spaces surround the valley and in this way visual relationship with the stream can be increased.
Culturehouse building has a special circulation system which is like an ‘interior street’. It creates a continuous public staircase and all other spaces intersect to this street. Therefore, this staircase is organizing the spaces and defines different functions in each floor. In my design, I created continuous space with stairs and I designed interior street for each part of my design. Because, my proposal has two parts and they are connected with a large bridge part. So circulation street starts near the stream and continue through the the building and they end up on the bridge part. That’s why, flow of the stairs directs people from the entrance to the bridge part which includes all book stacks.
My another reference is Centro Botin and in this building, a series of light walkways separate the two rounded volumes of the building and it creates a new public zone. The two lobed form provides connection between the park and the sea. So site conditions are similar to my proposal. Also, these two lobes have different functions. One of them is used as an educational center and the other one includes exhibition areas and galleries. Therefore, I used this quality for my design as a functional diagram. To refer the Centro Botin, I divided the building into two and these two parts are used for different functions. One of them is used for individual working and reading. The other one is social zone so this part is used for resting, group working and more flexible studying. Also, there is a cafe which is near the stream. The book stacks part which is a large bridge, connects these two different parts. Furthermore, according to my site data, there is a dense forest on the west side, so I designed the spaces and circulation street according to visual relationships.
Slit House has long slits that run along a thick wall, making the interior space open while providing enough privacy. The slits allow natural light to activate areas of the house during the slits varies its appearance momently according to weather, season and time. In my design, facade of the bookshelves part has many slits. Therefore, natural light will leak out between two book stacks. Also, I tried to create a rhythm with the slits.